Journal Publications



*[171] R Desatnik, ZJ Patterson, P Gorzelak, S Zamora, P LeDuc, C Majidi, “Soft robotics informs how an early echinoderm moved,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 120 e2306580120 (2023). [link]

[170] Y Ohm, J Liao, Y Luo, MJ Ford, C Majidi, “Reconfigurable Electrical Networks within A Conductive Hydrogel Composite,” Advanced Materials 35 2209408 (2023). [link]

[169] J Liao, C Majidi, M Sitti, “Liquid Metal Actuators: A Comparative Analysis of Surface Tension Controlled Actuation,” Advanced Materials e2300560-e2300560 (2023). [link]

[168] R Herbert, P Mocny, Y Zhao, TC Lin, J Zhang, M Vinciguerra, S Surprenant, WY Chan, S Kumar, MR Bockstaller, K Matyjaszewski, C Majidi, “Thermo‐Mechanically Stable Liquid Metal Embedded Soft Materials for High‐Temperature Applications,” Advanced Functional Materials 2309725 (2023). [link]


*[167] Y Zhao, Y Ohm, J Liao, Y Luo, HY Cheng, P Won, P Roberts, MR Carneiro, Mohammad F Islam, Jung Hyun Ahn, Lynn M Walker, C Majidi, “A self-healing electrically conductive organogel composite,” Nature Electronics 6 206–215 (2023).[link]

[166] Y Hu, C Majidi, “Dielectric Elastomers with Liquid Metal and Polydopamine-Coated Graphene Oxide Inclusions,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 15 24769-24776 (2023). [link]

[165] P Won, S Coyle, SH Ko, D Quinn, KJ Hsia, P LeDuc, C Majidi, “Controlling C2C12 Cytotoxicity on Liquid Metal Embedded Elastomer,” Advanced Healthcare Materials 12 2202430 (2023). [link]

[164] MR Carneiro, AT de Almeida, M Tavakoli, C Majidi, “Recyclable Thin‐Film Soft Electronics for Smart Packaging and E‐Skins,” Advanced Science 2301673 (2023). [link]


*[163] H Choi, Y Luo, G Olson, P Won, J H Shin, J Ok, Y J Yang, Tae-il Kim, Carmel Majidi, “Highly Stretchable and Strain-Insensitive Liquid Metal based Elastic Kirigami Electrodes (LM-eKE),” Advanced Functional Materials 2370183 (2023).[link]

[162] ZJ Patterson, DK Patel, S Bergbreiter, L Yao, C Majidi, “A Method for 3D Printing and Rapid Prototyping of Fieldable Untethered Soft Robots,” Soft Robotics 10 292-300 (2023). [link]

[161] Z Li, G Olson, DK Patel, L Yao, C Majidi, “Electrically Controlled Liquid Crystal Elastomer Surfaces for Dynamic Wrinkling,” Advanced Intelligent Systems 2200402 (2023). [link]

[160] MR Vinciguerra, DK Patel, W Zu, M Tavakoli, C Majidi, L Yao, “Multimaterial Printing of Liquid Crystal Elastomers with Integrated Stretchable Electronics,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 15 24777-24787 (2023). [link]

[159] S Acharya, P Roberts, T Rane, R Singhal, P Hong, V Ranade, C Majidi, V Webster-Wood, R. Jayan, “Gecko adhesion based sea star crawler robot,” Frontiers in Robotics and AI 10 1209202 (2023). [link]

[158] DK Patel, X Huang, Y Luo, M Mungekar, MK Jawed, L Yao, C Majidi, “Highly Dynamic Bistable Soft Actuator for Reconfigurable Multimodal Soft Robots,” Advanced Materials Technologies 8 2201259 (2023). [link]

[157] NI Keeys, DK Patel, P LeDuc, C Majidi, “Soft magnetic thin film deformation with a bistable electropermanent magnet,” Engineering Research Express 5 035071 (2023). [link]

[156] M Reis Carneiro, C Majidi, M Tavakoli, “Gallium‐Based Liquid–Solid Biphasic Conductors for Soft Electronics,” Advanced Functional Materials 33 2306453 (2023). [link]

[155] R Bhirangi, A DeFranco, J Adkins, C Majidi, A Gupta, T Hellebrekers, V Kumar, “All the Feels: A dexterous hand with large-area tactile sensing,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 8 8311-8318 (2023). [link]

[154] Q Wang, C Pan, Y Zhang, L Peng, Z Chen, C Majidi, L Jiang, “Magnetoactive liquid-solid phase transitional matter,” Matter 6 855-872 (2023). [link]

[153] P Khandagale, T Breitzman, C Majidi, K Dayal, “Statistical field theory for nonlinear elasticity of polymer networks with excluded volume interactions,” Physical Review E 107 064501 (2023). [link]

[152] JS Veiga, MR Carneiro, R Molter, M Vinciguerra, L Yao, C Majidi, M Tavakoli, “Toward Fully Printed Soft Actuators: UV-Assisted Printing of Liquid Crystal Elastomers and Biphasic Liquid Metal Conductors,” Advanced Materials Technologies 2300144(2023). [link]

[151] Y Zhang, C Pan, P Liu, L Peng, Z Liu, Y Li, Q Wang, T Wu, Z Li, C Majidi, L Jiang, “Coaxially printed magnetic mechanical electrical hybrid structures with actuation and sensing functionalities,” Nature Communications 14 4428 (2023). [link]

[150] M Feng, D Yang, C Majidi, G Gu, “High‐Speed and Low‐Energy Actuation for Pneumatic Soft Robots with Internal Exhaust Air Recirculation,” Advanced Intelligent Systems 5 2200257 (2023). [link]

[149] AL Sanati, PA Lopes, A Chambel, AF Silva, DM Oliveira, C Majidi, AT Almeida, M Tavakoli, “Recyclable liquid metal–Graphene supercapacitor,” Chemical Engineering Journal 479 147894 (2023). [link]



*[148] M Zadan, DK Patel, AP Sabelhaus, J Liao, A Wertz, L Yao, C Majidi, “Liquid Crystal Elastomer with Integrated Soft Thermoelectrics for Shape Memory Actuation and Energy Harvesting,” Advanced Materials 2200857 (2022). [link]

[147] Y Dong, L Wang, N Xia, Z Yang, C Zhang, C Pan, D Jin, J Zhang, C Majidi, L Zhang, “Untethered small-scale magnetic soft robot with programmable magnetization and integrated multifunctional modules,” Science Advances 8 eabn8932 (2022). [link]

[146] N Xia, B Jin, D Jin, Z Yang, C Pan, Q Wang, F Ji, V Iacovacci, C Majidi, Y Ding, L Zhang, “Decoupling and Reprogramming the Wiggling Motion of Midge Larvae Using a Soft Robotic Platform,” Advanced Materials 34 2109126 (2022). [link]

[145] M Reis Carneiro, C Majidi, M Tavakoli, “Dielectric Elastomer Actuators with Biphasic Ag–EGaIn Electrodes,” Advanced Engineering Materials 24 2100953 (2022). [link]

[144] C Majidi, K Alizadeh, Y Ohm, A Silva, M Tavakoli, “Liquid metal polymer composites: From printed stretchable circuits to soft actuators,” Flexible and Printed Electronics 7 013002 (2022). [link]

[143] CJ Stabile, DJ Levine, GM Iyer, C Majidi, KT Turner, “The role of stiffness in versatile robotic grasping,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 7 4733-4740 (2022). [link]

[142] A Hajalilou, AF Silva, PA Lopes, E Parvini, C Majidi, M Tavakoli, “Biphasic Liquid Metal Composites for Sinter‐Free Printed Stretchable Electronics,” Advanced Materials Interfaces 9 2101913 (2022). [link]

[141] E Kabuye, T Hellebrekers, J Bobo, N Keeys, C Majidi, J Cagan, P Leduc, “Tracking of Scalpel Motions With an Inertial Measurement Unit System,” IEEE Sensors Journal 22 4651-4660 (2022). [link]

[140] ZJ Patterson, AP Sabelhaus, C Majidi, “Robust control of a multi-axis shape memory alloy-driven soft manipulator,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 7 2210-2217 (2022). [link]

[139] AP Sabelhaus, RK Mehta, AT Wertz, C Majidi, “In-Situ Sensing and Dynamics Predictions for Electrothermally-Actuated Soft Robot Limbs,” Frontiers in Robotics and AI 9 (2022). [pdf]

[138] R Coulson, CJ Stabile, KT Turner, C Majidi, “Versatile Soft Robot Gripper Enabled by Stiffness and Adhesion Tuning via Thermoplastic Composite,” Soft Robotics 9 189-200 (2022). [link]


[137] MJ Ford, Y Ohm, K Chin, C Majidi, “Composites of functional polymers: Toward physical intelligence using flexible and soft materials,” Journal of Materials Research 1 1-23 (2021). [link]

[136] Y Zhao, P Khandagale, C Majidi, “Modeling electromechanical coupling of liquid metal embedded elastomers while accounting stochasticity in 3D percolation,” Extreme Mechanics Letters 48 101443 (2021). [link]

[135] Z Shen, X Zhu, C Majidi, G Gu, “Cutaneous ionogel mechanoreceptors for soft machines, physiological sensing, and amputee prostheses,” Advanced Materials 33 2102069 (2021). [link]

[134] P Roberts, M Zadan, C Majidi, “Soft tactile sensing skins for robotics,” Current Robotics Reports 2 343-354 (2021). [link]

[133] J Yin, R Hinchet, H Shea, C Majidi, “Wearable soft technologies for haptic sensing and feedback,” Advanced Functional Materials 31 2007428 (2021). [link]

[132] R Dauksher, Z Patterson, C Majidi, “Characterization and analysis of a flexural shape memory alloy actuator,” Actuators 10 202 (2021). [link]

[131] P Won, S Jeong, C Majidi, SH Ko, “Recent advances in liquid-metal-based wearable electronics and materials,” iScience 24 7 102698 (2021). [link]

[130] E Rasmussen, D Guo, V Murthy, R Mishra, C Riviere, C Majidi, “A Soft Resistive Sensor with a Semicircular Cross-Sectional Channel for Soft Cardiac Catheter Ablation,” Sensors 21 4130 (2021). [link]

[129] EW Hawkes, C Majidi, MT Tolley, “Hard questions for soft robotics,” Science Robotics 6 eabg6049 (2021). [link]

[128] M Grasinger, C Majidi, K Dayal, “Nonlinear statistical mechanics drives intrinsic electrostriction and volumetric torque in polymer networks,”
Physical Review E 103 042504 (2021). [link][pdf]

[127] PA Lopes, DF Fernandes, AF Silva, DG Marques, AT de Almeida, C Majidi, M Tavakoli, “Bi-phasic Ag–In–Ga-embedded elastomer inks for digitally printed, ultra-stretchable, multi-layer electronics,”
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13 14552-14561 (2021). [link]


*[126] Y Ohm, C Pan, MJ Ford, X Huang, J Liao, C Majidi, “An electrically conductive silver–polyacrylamide–alginate hydrogel composite for soft electronics,” Nature Electronics 4 185-192 (2021). [link][pdf]

[125] C Majidi, “Fluid-like Soft Machines with Liquid Metal,” Matter 4 336-337 (2021). [link]

[124] CS Kim, OK Oh, H Choi, YJ Kim, GS Lee, HJ Kim, C Majidi, SW Kim, BJ Choi, “Variable rigidity module with a flexible thermoelectric device for bidirectional temperature control,” Soft Robotics 8 662-672 (2021). [pdf]

[123] M Zadan, C Chiew, C Majidi, MH Malakooti, “Liquid metal architectures for soft and wearable energy harvesting devices,” Multifunctional Materials 4 012001 (2021). [link]

[122] Z Ren, M Zarepoor, X Huang, AP Sabelhaus, C Majidi, “Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) Actuator with Embedded Liquid Metal Curvature Sensor for Closed-Loop Control,” Frontiers in Robotics and AI in press (2021).

[121] J Liao, C Majidi, “Soft actuators by electrochemical oxidation of liquid metal surfaces,” Soft Matter in press (2021). [link]



*[120] CP Ambulo, MJ Ford, K Searles, C Majidi, TH Ware, “4D-Printable Liquid Metal–Liquid Crystal Elastomer Composites,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces in press (2020). [link]

[119] C Majidi, “Soft sensors that can feel it all,” Science Robotics 5 1 (2020). [link]

[118] P Won, SH Ko, C Majidi, A W Feinberg, V A Webster-Wood, “Biohybrid Actuators for Soft Robotics: Challenges in Scaling Up,” Actuators 9 96 (2020). [link]

[117] MJ Ford, DK Patel, C Pan, S Bergbreiter, C Majidi, “Controlled Assembly of Liquid Metal Inclusions as a General Approach for Multifunctional Composites,” Advanced Materials 32 2002929 (2020). [link]

[116] C Pan, D Liu, MJ Ford, C Majidi, “Ultrastretchable, Wearable Triboelectric Nanogenerator Based on Sedimented Liquid Metal Elastomer Composite,” Advanced Materials Technologies 5 2000754 (2020). [link]

[115] CS Kim, OK Oh, H Choi, YJ Kim, GS Lee, HJ Kim, C Majidi, SW Kim, BJ Cho, “Variable Rigidity Module with a Flexible Thermoelectric Device for Bidirectional Temperature Control,” Soft Robotics in press (2020). [link]

[114] AF Silva, H Paisana, T Fernandes, J Góis, A Serra, JFJ Coelho, AT de Almeida C Majidi M Tavakoli, “High Resolution Soft and Stretchable Circuits with PVA/Liquid‐Metal Mediated Printing,” Advanced Materials Technologies 5 (9), 2000343 (2020). [link]

[113] S Abdollahi, EJ Markvicka, C Majidi, AW Feinberg, “3D Printing Silicone Elastomer for Patient‐Specific Wearable Pulse Oximeter,” Advanced Healthcare Materials 9 1901735 (2020). [link]

[112] Q Wei, M Sun, Z Wang, J Yan, R Yuan, T Liu, C Majidi, K Matyjaszewski, “Surface engineering of liquid metal nanodroplets by attachable diblock copolymers,” ACS Nano 14 9884-9893 (2020). [link]

[111] TA Kent, MJ Ford, EJ Markvicka, C Majidi, “Soft actuators using liquid crystal elastomers with encapsulated liquid metal Joule heaters,” Multifunctional Materials 3 025003 (2020). [link]

[110] K Chin, T Hellebrekers, C Majidi, “Machine learning for soft robotic sensing and control,” Advanced Intelligent Systems 2 1900171 (2020). [link]


*[109] W Huang, X Huang, C Majidi, MK Jawed, “Dynamic simulation of articulated soft robots,” Nature Communications 11 1-9 (2020). [link]

[108] T Hellebrekers, N Chang, K Chin, MJ Ford, O Kroemer, C Majidi, “Soft magnetic tactile skin for continuous force and location estimation using neural networks,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 5 3892-3898 (2020). [link]

[107] M Zadan, MH Malakooti, C Majidi, “Soft and stretchable thermoelectric generators enabled by liquid metal elastomer composites,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12 17921-17928 (2020). [link]

[106] J Yin, R Hinchet, H Shea, C Majidi, “Wearable Soft Technologies for Haptic Sensing and Feedback,” Advanced Functional Materials 2007428 (2020). [link]


*[105] N Zolfaghari, P Khandagale, MJ Ford, K Dayal, C Majidi, “Network topologies dictate electromechanical coupling in liquid metal–elastomer composites,” Soft Matter 16 8818-8825 (2020). [link]

[104] MJ Ford, M Palaniswamy, CP Ambulo, TH Ware, C Majidi, “Size of liquid metal particles influences actuation properties of a liquid crystal elastomer composite,” Soft Matter 16 5878-5885 (2020). [link]

[103] X Huang, M Ford, ZJ Patterson, M Zarepoor, C Pan, C Majidi, “Shape memory materials for electrically-powered soft machines,” Journal of Materials Chemistry B 8 4539-4551 (2020). [link]


*[102] MH Malakooti, MR Bockstaller, K Matyjaszewski, C Majidi
Liquid metal nanocomposites,” Nanoscale Advances 2 2668-2677 (2020). [link]


[101] D Liu, L Su, J Liao, B Reeja‐Jayan, C Majidi, “ Rechargeable Soft‐Matter EGaIn‐MnO2 Battery for Stretchable Electronics,” Advanced Energy Materials 9 1902798 (2019). [link]

[100] EP Yalcintas, KB Ozutemiz, T Cetinkaya, L Dalloro, C Majidi, OB Ozdoganlar, “ Soft electronics manufacturing using microcontact printing,” Advanced Functional Materials 29 1906551 (2019). [link]

[99] SI Rich, V Nambeesan, R Khan, C Majidi, “ Tuning the composition of conductive thermoplastics for stiffness switching and electrically activated healing,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 30 2908-2918 (2019). [link]

[98] C Pan, Y Ohm, J Wang, MJ Ford, K Kumar, S Kumar, C Majidi, “ Silver-coated poly (dimethylsiloxane) beads for soft, stretchable, and thermally Stable conductive elastomer composites,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 11 42561-42570 (2019). [link]


*[97] MJ Ford, CP Ambulo, TA Kent, EJ Markvicka, C Pan, J Malen, TH Ware, C Majidi, “A multifunctional shape-morphing elastomer with liquid metal inclusions,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 21438-21444 (2019). [link][pdf]

[96] MH Malakooti, N Kazem, J Yan, C Pan, EJ Markvicka, K Matyjaszewski, C Majidi, “Liquid Metal Supercooling for Low‐Temperature Thermoelectric Wearables,” Advanced Functional Materials 29 1906098 (2019). [link][pdf]

LMEE nanocomposite

*[95] C Pan, EJ Markvicka, MH Malakooti, J Yan, L Hu, K Matyjaszewski, C Majidi, “A Liquid‐Metal–Elastomer Nanocomposite for Stretchable Dielectric Materials,” Advanced Materials 31 1900663 (2019). [link][pdf]

*[94] EJ Markvicka, R Tutika, MD Bartlett, C Majidi, “Soft Electronic Skin for Multi‐Site Damage Detection and Localization,” Advanced Functional Materials 29 1900160 (2019). [link][pdf]

[93] J Yan, MH Malakooti, Z Lu, Z Wang, N Kazem, C Pan, MR Bockstaller, K Matyjaszewski, “Solution processable liquid metal nanodroplets by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization,” Nature Nanotechnology 14 684–690 (2019). [link][pdf]

Screen Shot 2019-06-02 at 8.50.09 AM

[92] T Hellebrekers, O Kroemer, Carmel Majidi, “Soft Magnetic Skin for Continuous Deformation Sensing,” Advanced Intelligent Systems 1 1900025(2019). [link][pdf]

[91] X Huang, K Kumar, M Jawed, Z Ye, C Majidi, “Soft Electrically Actuated Quadruped (SEAQ)-Integrating a Flex Circuit Board and Elastomeric Limbs for Versatile Mobility,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters in press (2019). [link][pdf]

[90] KB Justus, T Hellebrekers, DD Lewis, A Wood, C Ingham, C Majidi, PR LeDuc, C Tan, “A biosensing soft robot: Autonomous parsing
of chemical signals through integrated organic
and inorganic interfaces
,” Science Robotics 4 eaax0765 (2019). [link][pdf]

[89] PA Lopes, DV Gomes, DG Marques, P Faia, J Góis, TF Patrício, J Coelho, A Serra, T de Almeida, C Majidi, and M Tavakoli, “Soft Bioelectronic Stickers: Selection and Evaluation of Skin-Interfacing Electrodes,” Advanced Healthcare Materials 1900234 (2019). [link][pdf]

[88] MD Bartlett, MD Dickey, C Majidi, “Self-healing materials for soft-matter machines and electronics,” NPG Asia Materials 11 21 (2019). [link][pdf]

[87] C Majidi, “Soft circuits that self-heal under water,” Nature Electronics 2 58 (2019). [link][pdf]

[86] C Majidi, “Soft‐Matter Engineering for Soft Robotics,” Advanced Materials Technologies 4 1800477 (2019). [link][pdf]

[85] X Huang, K Kumar, MK Jawed, A Mohammadi Nasab, Z Ye, W Shan, C Majidi, “Highly Dynamic Shape Memory Alloy Actuator for Fast Moving Soft Robots,” Advanced Materials Technologies 1800540 (2019). [link][pdf]

[84] SI Rich, V Nambeesan, R Khan, C Majidi, “Tuning the composition of conductive thermoplastics for stiffness switching and electrically activated healing,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 30 2908-2918 (2019). [link]

[83] C Majidi, “Mechanics of fluid-elastomer systems in soft robotics,” Robotic Systems and Autonomous Platforms 425-448 (2019). [link][pdf]

[82] NN Goldberg, X Huang, C Majidi, A Novelia, OM O’Reilly, DA Paley, WL Scott, “On Planar Discrete Elastic Rod Models for the Locomotion of Soft Robots,” Soft Robotics in press (2019). [link][pdf]

[81] DG Marques, PA Lopes, AT de Almeida, C Majidi, M Tavakoli, “Reliable interfaces for EGaIn multi-layer stretchable circuits and microelectronics,” Lab on a Chip 19 897-906 (2019). [link][pdf]

[80] S Song, DM Drotlef, J Paik, C Majidi, M Sitti, “Mechanics of a pressure-controlled adhesive membrane for soft robotic gripping on curved surfaces,” Extreme Mechanics Letters 100485 (2019). [link][pdf]

[79] K Kalantar-Zadeh, J Tang, T Daeneke, A P O’Mullane, LA Stewart, J Liu, C Majidi, RS Ruoff, PS Weiss, MD Dickey, “Emergence of Liquid Metals in Nanotechnology,” ACS Nano 13 7388-7395 (2019). [link]



*[78] E. J. Markvicka, M. D. Bartlett, X. Huang, C. Majidi, “An autonomously electrically self-healing liquid metal-elastomer composite for robust soft-matter robotics and electronics,” Nature Materials 17 618–624 (2018). [link][pdf]

*[77] X Huang, K Kumar, MK Jawed, AM Nasab, Z Ye, W Shan, C Majidi, “Chasing biomimetic locom
otion speeds: Creating untethered soft robots with shape memory alloy actuators,” ScienceRobotics 3 eaau7557 (2018). [link][pdf]

[76] M. Tavakoli, M. H. Malakooti, H. Paisana, Y. Ohm. D. G. Marques, P. A. Lopes, A. P.
Piedade, A. T. de Almeida, C. Majidi, “EGaIn‐Assisted Room‐Temperature Sintering of Silver Nanoparticles for Stretchable, Inkjet‐Printed, Thin‐Film Electronics,” Advanced Materials 30 1801852 (2018). [link][pdf]

soft robots

[75] N. Kazem, M. D. Bartlett, C. Majidi, “Extreme Toughening of Soft Materials with Liquid Metal,” Advanced Materials 30 1706594 (2018). [link][pdf]

[74] S. I. Rich, R. J. Wood, C. Majidi, “Untethered Soft Robotics,” Nature Electronics 1 102 (2018). [link][pdf]

[73] C. Pan, K. Kumar, J. Li, E. J. Markvicka, P. R. Herman, C. Majidi, “Visually Imperceptible Liquid Metal Circuits for Transparent, Stretchable Electronics with Direct Laser Writing,” Advanced Materials 30 1706937 (2018). [link][pdf]

[72] KB Ozutemiz, J Wissman, OB Ozdoganlar, C Majidi, “EGaIn–Metal Interfacing for Liquid Metal Circuitry and Microelectronics Integration,” Advanced Materials Interfaces 1701596 (2018). [link][pdf]

[71] SB Diller, SH Collins, C Majidi, “The effects of electroadhesive clutch design parameters on performance characteristics,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 29 3804-3828 (2018). [link][pdf]

[70] V Ramachandran, C Majidi, “Deformation of Microchannels Embedded in an Elastic Medium,” Journal of Applied Mechanics 85 101004 (2018). [link][pdf]

[69] R. Rocha, P. Lopes, A. de Alemeida, M. Tavakoli, C. Majidi, “Fabrication and Characterization of Bending and Pressure Sensors for a Soft Prosthetic Hand,” Journal of Micromechanics & Microengineering 28 034001 (2018). [link][pdf]

[68] PA Lopes, H Paisana, AT De Almeida, C Majidi, M Tavakoli, “Hydroprinted Electronics: Ultrathin Stretchable Ag–In–Ga E-Skin for Bioelectronics and Human–Machine Interaction,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10 38760-38768 (2018). [link][pdf]

[67] S Coyle, C Majidi, P LeDuc, KJ Hsia, “Bio-inspired soft robotics: Material selection, actuation, and design,” Extreme Mechanics Letters 22 51-59 (2018). [link][pdf]

[66] L. Wang, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, C. Majidi, F. Iida, E. Askounis, Q. Pei, “Controllable and reversible tuning of material rigidity for robot applications,” Materials Today 21 563-576 (2018). [link][pdf]



*[65] M. D. Bartlett, N. Kazem, M. J. Powell-Palm, X. Huang, W. Sun, J. A. Malen, and C. Majidi, “High thermal conductivity in soft elastomers with elongated liquid metal inclusions,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114 2143–2148 (2017). [link] [pdf]

[64] N. Kazem, T. Hellebrekers, C. Majidi, “Soft Multifunctional Composites and Emulsions with Liquid Metals,” Advanced Materials 19 1605985 (2017). [link][pdf]

[63] T. Lu, E. Markvicka, Y. Jin, C. Majidi, “Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board with UV Laser Micropatterning,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 9 22055–22062 (2017). [link][pdf]

[62] S. Song, D. M. Drotlef, C. Majidi, M. Sitti, “Controllable load sharing for soft adhesive interfaces on three-dimensional surfaces,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114 E4344–E4353 (2017). [link][pdf]


*[61] J. Wissman, M. D. Dickey, C. Majidi, “Field-Controlled Electrical Switch with Liquid Metal,” Advanced Science 4 1700169 (2017). [link][pdf]

[60] L. K. Russell, M. D. Dickey, C. Majidi, “Liquid Metal Actuator Driven by Electrochemical Manipulation of Surface Tension,” Applied Physics Letters 111 254101 (2017). [link][pdf]

[59] S. Rich, S. H. Jang, Y. L. Park, C. Majidi, “Liquid Metal-Conductive Thermoplastic Elastomer Integration for Low-Voltage Stiffness Tuning,” Advanced Materials Technologies 2 1700179 (2017). [link][pdf]

[58] A. Mohammadi Nasab, A. Sabzehzar, M. Tatari, C. Majidi, W. Shan, “A Soft Gripper with Rigidity Tunable Elastomer Strips as Ligaments,” Soft Robotics 4 411-420 (2017). [link][pdf]

[57] L. R. Finkenauer, Q. Lu, I. F. Hakem, C. Majidi, M. R. Bockstaller, “Analysis of the Efficiency of Surfactant-Mediated Stabilization Reactions of EGaIn Nanodroplets,” Langmuir 33 9703–9710 (2017). [link][pdf]

[56] M. Tavakoli, P. Lopes, J. Lourenço, R. P. Rocha, L. Giliberto, A. T. de Almeida, C. Majidi, “Autonomous Selection of Closing Posture of a Robotic Hand Through Embodied Soft Matter Capacitive Sensors,” IEEE Sensors Journal 17 5669-5677 (2017). [link]

[55] M. Tavakoli, R. Rocha, L. Osorio, M. Almeida, A. de Almeida, V. Ramachandran, A. Tabatabai, T. Lu, C. Majidi, “Carbon doped PDMS: Conductance stability over time and implications on additive manufacturing of stretchable electronics,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 27 035010 (2017). [link][pdf]

[54] A. Cugno, S. Palumbo, M. Fraldi, L. Deseri, C. Majidi, “Role of Nonlinear Elasticity in Mechanical Impedance Tuning of Annular Dielectric Elastomer Membrane,” Extreme Mechanics Letters 13 116–125 (2017). [link][pdf]

[53] M. Tavakoli, R. P. Rocha, J. Lourenço, T. Lu, C. Majidi, “Soft Bionics Hands with a Sense of Touch Through an Electronic Skin,” Soft Robotics: Trends, Applications and Challenges 5-10 (2017).


*[52] M. Bartlett, E. Markvicka, C. Majidi, “Rapid Fabrication of Soft, Multilayered Electronics for Wearable Biomonitoring,” Advanced Functional Materials 26 8496–8504 (2016). [link] [pdf]

*[51] C. Majidi, “Artificial Skin: Soft Electronics & Sensors for Bio-Inspired Robots and Wearable Computing,” ASME Dynamics Systems & Control 4 17-21 (2016). [pdf]

[50] V. Ramachandran, M. D. Bartlett, J. Wissman, C. Majidi, “Elastic instabilities of a ferroelastomer beam for soft reconfigurable electronics,” Extreme Mechanics Letters 9 282-290 (2016). [link] [pdf]

*[49] M. Bartlett, A. Fassler, N. Kazem, E. Markvicka, P. Mandal, C. Majidi, “Stretchable, high-k dielectric elastomers through liquid metal inclusions,” Advanced Materials 28 3726–3731 (2016). [link] [pdf]


[48] A. Tutcuoglu, C. Majidi, W. Shan, “Nonlinear thermal parmeter estimation for embedded internal Joule heaters,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 97 412-421 (2016). [link] [pdf]

[47] H.-S. Shin, J. Ryu, C. Majidi, Y.-L. Park, “Enhanced Performance of Microfluidic Soft Pressure Sensors with Embedded Solid Microspheres,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 26 02511 (2016). [link] [pdf]


[46] A. Fassler, C. Majidi, “Liquid Phase Metal Inclusions for a Conductive Polymer Composite,” Advanced Materials 27 1928–1932 (2015). [link] [pdf]

[45] T. Lu, J. Wissman, Ruthika, C. Majidi, “Soft Anisotropic Conductors as Electric Vias for Ga-Based Liquid Metal Circuits,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7 26923–26929 (2015). [link] [pdf]

Screen Shot 2015-10-19 at 3.09.42 PM
*[44] N. Kazem, C. Majidi, C. Maloney, “Gelation And Mechanical Response Of Patchy Rods,” Soft Matter 11 7877-7887 (2015). [link] [pdf] [back cover]


[43] X. Zhou, C. Majidi, O. M. O’Reilly, “Soft hands: An analysis of some gripping mechanisms in soft robot design,” International Journal of Solids & Structures 64-65 155–165 (2015). [link] [pdf]

[42] X. Zhou, C. Majidi, O. M. O’Reilly, “Flexing into Motion: A Locomotion Mechanism for Soft Robots,” International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics 74 7-17 (2015). [link] [pdf]

[41] I. D. Joshipura, H. R. Ayers, C. Majidi, M. D. Dickey, “Methods to pattern liquid metals,” Journal of Materials Chemistry C 3 3834-3841 (2015). [link] [front cover] [pdf]

*[40] W. Shan, S. Diller, A. Tutcuoglu, C. Majidi, “Rigidity-tuning conductive elastomer,” Smart Materials & Structures 24 065001 (2015). [link] [pdf]



[39] B. A. Gozen, A. Tabatabai, O. B. Ozdoganlar, C. Majidi, “High-Density Soft-Matter Electronics with Micron-Scale Line Width,” Advanced Materials 26 5211-5216 (2014). [link] [pdf]

*[38] T. Lu, L. Finkenauer, J. Wissman, C. Majidi, “Rapid Prototyping for Soft-Matter Electronics,” Advanced Functional Materials 24 3351–3356 (2014). [link] [pdf]


[37] J Wissman, L Finkenauer, L Deseri, C Majidi, “Saddle-like deformation in a dielectric elastomer actuator embedded with liquid-phase gallium-indium electrodes,” Journal of Applied Physics 116 144905 (2014). [link] [pdf]

[36] A. Tutcuoglu, C. Majidi, “Energy Harvesting with Stacked Dielectric Elastomer Transducers: Nonlinear Theory, Optimization, and Linearized Scaling Law,” Applied Physics Letters 105 241905 (2014). [link] [pdf]

[35] X. Zhou, C. Majidi, O. M. O’Reilly “Energy Efficiency in Friction-Based Locomotion Mechanisms for Soft and Hard Robots: Slower can be Faster,” Nonlinear Dynamics 78 2811-2821 (2014). [link] [pdf]


[34] A. Fassler, C. Majidi, “3D Structures of Liquid-Phase GaIn Alloy Embedded in PDMS with Freeze Casting,” Lab on a Chip 13 4442-4450 (2013). [link] [pdf]

[33] A. Tabatabai, A. Fassler, C. Usiak, C. Majidi, “Liquid-Phase Gallium-Indium Alloy Electronics with Microcontact Printing,” Langmuir 29 6194-6200 (2013).[link]. [pdf]

[32] C. Majidi, “Soft Robotics – A Perspective: Current Trends and Prospects for the Future,” Soft Robotics 1 5-11 (2013). [link] [pdf]

[31] W. Shan, T. Lu, Z.H. Wang, C. Majidi, “Thermal analysis and design of a multi-layered rigidity tunable composite,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 66 271-278 (2013). [link] [pdf]

[30] W. Shan, T. Lu, C. Majidi, “Soft-matter composites with electrically tunable elastic rigidity,” Smart Materials and Structures 22 085005 (2013). [link] [pdf]

[29] C. Majidi, R. F. Shepherd, R. K. Kramer, G. M. Whitesides, R. J. Wood, “Influence of Surface Traction on Soft Robot Undulation,” International Journal of Robotics Research 32 1577-1584 (2013). [link] [pdf]

[28] R. Kramer, C. Majidi, R. J. Wood, “Masked Deposition of Gallium-Indium Alloys for Liquid-Embedded Elastomer Conductors,” Advanced Functional Materials 23 5292-5296 (2013). [link] [pdf]

[27] A. Fassler, C. Majidi, “Soft-matter capacitors and inductors for hyperelastic strain sensing and stretchable electronics,” Smart Materials and Structures 22 055023 (2013).[link]. [pdf]

[26] C. Majidi, O. M. O’Reilly, J. A. Williams, “Bifurcations and Instability in the Adhesion of Intrinsically Curved Rods,” Mechanics Research Communications 49 13-16 (2013).[link]. [pdf]

[25] D. Tepayotl-Ramirez, Tong Lu, Y.-L. Park, C. Majidi, “Collapse of triangular channels in a soft elastomer,” Applied Physics Letters 102 044102 (2013). [link] [pdf]


[24] Y.-L. Park, D. Tepayotl-Ramirez, R. J. Wood, C. Majidi, “Influence of cross-sectional geometry on the sensitivity and hysteresis of liquid-phase electronic pressure sensors,” Applied Physics Letters 101 191904 (2012). [link] [pdf]

[23] Z. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Majidi, W. Chen, D. J. Srolovitz, M. P. Haataja, “Nonlinear geometric effects in mechanical bistable morphing structures,” Physical Review Letters 109 114302 (2012). [link] [pdf]

[22] C. Majidi, O. M. O’Reilly, J. A. Williams, “On the stability of a rod adhering to a rigid surface: Shear-induced stable adhesion and the instability of peeling,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 6 827-843 (2012).[link] [pdf]


[21] C. Majidi, R. Kramer, R. J. Wood, “A non-differential elastomer curvature sensor for softer-than-skin electronics,” Smart Materials and Structures 20 105017 (2011).[link] [pdf]

[20] Z. Chen, C. Majidi, M. Haataja, D. J. Srolovitz, “Tunable Helical Ribbons,” Applied Physics Letters 98 011906 (2010). [link] [pdf]

[19] C. Majidi, Y.-L. Park (co-first author), R. Kramer, P. Berard, R. J. Wood, “Hyperelastic pressure sensing with a liquid-embedded elastomer,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 20 125029 (2010). [link] [pdf]

[18] C. Majidi, R. J. Wood, “Tunable elastic stiffness with micro-confined magnetorheological domains at low magnetic field,” Applied Physics Letters 97 164104 (2010). [link] [pdf]

[17] C. Majidi, M. Haataja, D. J. Srolovitz, “Analysis and design principles for shear-mode piezoelectric energy harvesting with ZnO nanoribbons,” Smart Materials and Structures 19 055027 (2010). [link] [pdf]

[16] C. Majidi, G. G. Adams, “Adhesion and delamination boundary conditions for elastic plates with arbitrary contact shape,” Mechanics Research Communications 37 214-218 (2010). [link] [pdf]

[15] R. Kramer, C. Majidi, R. J. Wood, “Shear-mode Contact Splitting for a Microtextured Elastomer Film,” Advanced Materials 22 3700-3703 (2010). [link] [pdf]

[14] C. Majidi, Z. Chen, D. J. Srolovitz, M. Haataja, “Spontaneous Bending of Piezoelectric Nanoribbons: Mechanics, Polarization, and Space Charge Coupling,” Journal of the Mechanics & Physics of Solids 58 73-85 (2010). [link] [pdf]

[13] C. Majidi, K.-T. Wan, “Adhesion between Thin Cylindrical Shells with Parallel Axes,” Journal of Applied Mechanics 77 041013 (2010).[link] [pdf]


[12] C. Majidi, G. G. Adams, “A Simplified Formulation of Adhesion Problems with Elastic Plates,” Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 465 2217-2230 (2009). [link] [pdf]

[11] C. Majidi, “Shear Adhesion between an Elastica and a Rigid Flat Surface,” Mechanics Research Communications 36 369-372 (2009). [link] [pdf]

[10] C. Majidi, R. S. Fearing, “Adhesion of an elastic plate to a sphere,” Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 464 1309-1317 (2008). [link] [pdf]

[9] J. Lee, C. Majidi, B. Schubert, R. S. Fearing, “Sliding-induced adhesion of stiff polymer microfiber arrays. I. Macroscale behavior,” Journal of the Royal Society Interface 5 835-844 (2008). [link] [pdf]

[8] B. Schubert , J. Lee, C. Majidi, R. S. Fearing, “Sliding-induced adhesion of stiff polymer microfiber arrays. II. Microscale behavior,”Journal of the Royal Society Interface 5 845-853 (2008). [link] [pdf]

[7] C. Majidi, R. E. Groff, R. S. Fearing, “Analysis of Shaft-Loaded Membrane Delamination Using Stationary Principles,” Mathematics & Mechanics of Solids 13 3-22 (2008).[link] [pdf]


[6] C. Majidi, “Remarks on formulating an adhesion problem using Euler’s elastica,” Mechanics Research Communications 34 85-90 (2007). [link] [pdf]

[5] A. M. Peattie, C. Majidi, A. Corder, R. J. Full, “Ancestrally high elastic modulus of gecko setal beta-keratin,” Journal of the Royal Society Interface 4 1071-1076 (2007). [link] [pdf]

[4] B. Schubert, C. Majidi, R. E. Groff, S. Baek, B. Bush, R. Maboudian, R. S. Fearing, “Towards Friction and Adhesion from High Modulus Microfiber Arrays,” Journal of Adhesion Science & Technology 21 1297-1315 (2007). [pdf]

[3] C. Majidi, R. E. Groff, Y. Maeno, B. Schubert, S. Baek, B. Bush, R. Maboudian, N. Gravish, M. Wilkinson, K. Autumn, R. S. Fearing, “High Friction from a Stiff Polymer using Micro-Fiber Arrays,” Physical Review Letters 97 076103 (2006). [link] [pdf]

[2] K. Autumn, C. Majidi, R. E. Groff, A. Dittmore, R. Fearing, “Effective elastic modulus of isolated gecko setal arrays,” Journal of Experimental Biology 209 3558-3568 (2006). [link] [pdf]

[1] C. Majidi, R. E. Groff, R. S. Fearing, “Attachment of fiber array adhesive through side contact,” Journal of Applied Physics 98 103521 (2005). [link] [pdf]